Autoclaves are machines used in industrial and scientific processes that require high temperatures and pressures relative to atmospheric pressure and temperature made by horizontal autoclave manufacturers in India. Thymol Autoclave is used to cure coatings and vulcanized rubber. Industrial autoclaves for geothermal synthesis before sterilization and in the chemical industry, especially in the production of composite materials.
Autoclaves: Name and Origin
The name “autoclave” comes from the Greek “auto,” which ultimately means “freedom,” and the Latin “clavis,” which means key or self-locking device. The first autoclave, essentially a pressure cooker, was a cooking method invented by French physician Denis Papin in 1681.
Uses of an Autoclave
Autoclaves, also known as steam sterilizers, are commonly used in medical or industrial applications. An autoclave is a machine that uses pressurized steam to kill harmful bacteria, viruses, fungi, and spores on items placed in a pressure vessel.
How does an autoclave work?
Whether it’s small cutlery or appliances the size of a large room, all autoclaves work the same as a traditional pressure cooker in the kitchen: at this point, the door closes, and a vacuum chamber forms and changes all the air in the room. The steam is then pressurized to provide the desired sterilization for the desired time. When the cycle is over, the vapor is released, and the product can be removed.
- Rinse phase: The steam begins to displace the air through the sterilizer. Temperature and pressure increased slightly. cause continuous flushing
- Sterilization Phase: During this phase, the autoclave control system is programmed to close the reset valve. Increase the internal temperature and pressure to the set point and then program to maintain the desired temperature (steps) until the desired time is reached.
- Relaxation phase The chamber is depressurized using a safety valve. The internal pressure returned to atmospheric pressure. (content is still warm)
How to select an autoclave
- Number and type of devices
First, consider the sterility tools, numbers, and types.
- Size and Load Capacity
The volume of a small steam sterilizer chamber in dentistry can reach 60 liters. The internal dimensions of the cylinder itself and the configuration of the internal trays and shelves are different. This affects the load to be transported. It’s big enough to hold the load you need but ideally doesn’t take too much space. It is better to use two small autoclaves or one large autoclave.
- Cycle time
The cycle time depends on the type of autoclave and the cycle parameters. Not just warm-up and cool-down times. This should be added if the autoclave requires a preheating phase, but a faster drying cycle results in faster reprocessing of the autoclave and availability for subsequent loads.
Manually or automatically
Manual autoclave is time-consuming and can quickly be done with an autoclave. Easy and economical to use. Instead of autoclave, ensure you have enough pre-programmed cycles for your needs. Too many cycles are not ideal.